Council of Europe (CoE) - European Human Rights Court - founding fathers (1949)

Council of Europe (CoE) - European Human Rights Court - founding fathers (1949)
French National Assembly head Edouard Herriot and British Foreign minister Ernest Bevin surrounded by Italian, Luxembourg and other delegates at the first meeting of Council of Europe's Consultative Assembly in Strasbourg, August 1949 (AFP Photo)

EU founding fathers signed 'blank' Treaty of Rome (1957)

EU founding fathers signed 'blank' Treaty of Rome (1957)
The Treaty of Rome was signed in the Palazzo dei Conservatori, one of the Renaissance palaces that line the Michelangelo-designed Capitoline Square in the Italian capital

Shuttered: EU ditches summit 'family photo'

Shuttered: EU ditches summit 'family photo'
EU leaders pose for a family photo during the European Summit at the EU headquarters in Brussels on June 28, 2016 (AFP Photo/JOHN THYS)

Merkel says fall of Wall proves 'dreams can come true'


“ … Here is another one. A change in what Human nature will allow for government. "Careful, Kryon, don't talk about politics. You'll get in trouble." I won't get in trouble. I'm going to tell you to watch for leadership that cares about you. "You mean politics is going to change?" It already has. It's beginning. Watch for it. You're going to see a total phase-out of old energy dictatorships eventually. The potential is that you're going to see that before 2013. They're going to fall over, you know, because the energy of the population will not sustain an old energy leader ..."
"Update on Current Events" – Jul 23, 2011 (Kryon channelled by Lee Carroll) - (Subjects: The Humanization of God, Gaia, Shift of Human Consciousness, 2012, Benevolent Design, Financial Institutes (Recession, System to Change ...), Water Cycle (Heat up, Mini Ice Ace, Oceans, Fish, Earthquakes ..), Nuclear Power Revealed, Geothermal Power, Hydro Power, Drinking Water from Seawater, No need for Oil as Much, Middle East in Peace, Persia/Iran Uprising, Muhammad, Israel, DNA, Two Dictators to fall soon, Africa, China, (Old) Souls, Species to go, Whales to Humans, Global Unity,..... etc.)
(Subjects: Who/What is Kryon ?, Egypt Uprising, Iran/Persia Uprising, Peace in Middle East without Israel actively involved, Muhammad, "Conceptual" Youth Revolution, "Conceptual" Managed Business, Internet, Social Media, News Media, Google, Bankers, Global Unity,..... etc.)


"The Recalibration of Awareness – Apr 20/21, 2012 (Kryon channeled by Lee Carroll) (Subjects: Old Energy, Recalibration Lectures, God / Creator, Religions/Spiritual systems (Catholic Church, Priests/Nun’s, Worship, John Paul Pope, Women in the Church otherwise church will go, Current Pope won’t do it), Middle East, Jews, Governments will change (Internet, Media, Democracies, Dictators, North Korea, Nations voted at once), Integrity (Businesses, Tobacco Companies, Bankers/ Financial Institutes, Pharmaceutical company to collapse), Illuminati (Started in Greece, with Shipping, Financial markets, Stock markets, Pharmaceutical money (fund to build Africa, to develop)), Shift of Human Consciousness, (Old) Souls, Women, Masters to/already come back, Global Unity.... etc.) - (Text version)

… The Shift in Human Nature

You're starting to see integrity change. Awareness recalibrates integrity, and the Human Being who would sit there and take advantage of another Human Being in an old energy would never do it in a new energy. The reason? It will become intuitive, so this is a shift in Human Nature as well, for in the past you have assumed that people take advantage of people first and integrity comes later. That's just ordinary Human nature.

In the past, Human nature expressed within governments worked like this: If you were stronger than the other one, you simply conquered them. If you were strong, it was an invitation to conquer. If you were weak, it was an invitation to be conquered. No one even thought about it. It was the way of things. The bigger you could have your armies, the better they would do when you sent them out to conquer. That's not how you think today. Did you notice?

Any country that thinks this way today will not survive, for humanity has discovered that the world goes far better by putting things together instead of tearing them apart. The new energy puts the weak and strong together in ways that make sense and that have integrity. Take a look at what happened to some of the businesses in this great land (USA). Up to 30 years ago, when you started realizing some of them didn't have integrity, you eliminated them. What happened to the tobacco companies when you realized they were knowingly addicting your children? Today, they still sell their products to less-aware countries, but that will also change.

What did you do a few years ago when you realized that your bankers were actually selling you homes that they knew you couldn't pay for later? They were walking away, smiling greedily, not thinking about the heartbreak that was to follow when a life's dream would be lost. Dear American, you are in a recession. However, this is like when you prune a tree and cut back the branches. When the tree grows back, you've got control and the branches will grow bigger and stronger than they were before, without the greed factor. Then, if you don't like the way it grows back, you'll prune it again! I tell you this because awareness is now in control of big money. It's right before your eyes, what you're doing. But fear often rules. …

Monday, July 16, 2012

Could debt relief solve Europe’s problems?

BBC News, by James Melik, Reporter, Business Daily, 16 July 2012

Eurozone crisis 

Since receiving debt relief Ghana has
 achieved a 50% reduction in poverty
relative to 1990
 
Despite measures and initiatives being proposed by political leaders, history suggests that the path leading Europe back to prosperity will not be smooth.

Many Greeks, battered by austerity, would look with envy at some African countries that had their crippling debts cancelled in the latter part of the 1990s to allow them a fresh start.

The Heavily Indebted Poor Countries (HIPC) Initiative was the first international response to provide comprehensive debt relief to the world's poorest, most heavily-indebted countries.

"The idea was that these countries would present a programme of macro-economic reform, along with good fiscal and trade policies, and only then would they qualify for debt relief," says Shantayanan Devarajan, chief economist of the World Bank's Africa Region.

In Africa there was a very clear decision to go with the growth strategy rather than the austerity strategy.

"Instead of having half the population rising up against the austerity measures, which we are seeing in some European countries, we actually saw increasing public support for the policies to promote growth and reduce poverty," he says.

European Model

Apart from debt relief in African countries, there has been a precedent in Europe.

In the effort to promote recovery after World War II, part of the Marshall Plan - America's huge aid programme - was a strategy for dealing with the vast debts that the vanquished nations of Europe had run up - most notably, those of Germany.

Albrecht Ritschl, Professor of Economic History at the London School of Economics, explains how Germany received debt relief:

"Every recipient country of the Marshall Plan had to sign a waiver which said that all Marshall aid would amount to what was known as a first charge to Germany - it meant that unless this debt was repaid by the Germans, no other charges could be brought against Germany."

It meant that from 1947, all German debt was in effect blocked.

"If you were a merchant in the Netherlands and you had claims against the Germans because they cleared out your factory premises during the early 1940s, you couldn't go to court to seize any German export deliveries which came into the Netherlands," he says.

Greek perspective

This debt relief that Germany enjoyed was reflected in its national budget.

In the 1950s the ratio of national debt to national income was less than 20%, at a time when the UK had debt-income ratios closer to 175%.

What Germany did next was to conclude treaties with individual countries and people.

"The only country to protest loudly in the 1950s and 1960s and again in the 1990s, was Greece," Dr Ritschl notes.

"That is why when you talk to someone in Greece, not too many of them have a guilty conscience about defaulting on their debt to the Germans," he says. 

Protests against austerity cuts have
 taken place in Greece and Spain
"You still owe us some and now we owe you some, so now we are quits."

Germany prospered after debt forgiveness and some people think the time has now come to make amends for that, by picking up the tab for Europe.

"A large part of academia and the media are saying we won't get out of this crisis unless we have a heavy write-off," he says.

"That would mean Germany, France and the UK taking serious action to restructure their banking systems because of their exposure to southern Europe," he concludes.

Who qualifies?

Countries like Spain, Ireland and Greece would undoubtedly like to have a fresh start, but the World Bank's Shantayanan Devarajan says they would have to ensure there was not another debt crisis 10 years down the road.

"The fact they are suffering a debt crisis means there is a problem," he says.

"Countries have to improve competitiveness, export more, and collect more tax revenues," he says. 

He also maintains that debt relief should not be applicable to everybody.

"There have to be some criteria to see who should get it. Some countries are not in a position to benefit from debt relief, so a collective decision has to be taken among all the stakeholders," he says.

As far as Africa is concerned, debt relief has had more of a positive effect in some countries than others.

"A country like Ghana, which received debt relief in the early 2000s, has enjoyed rapid economic growth and more importantly, rapid poverty reduction," he says.

"Debt relief created that space where Ghanaian policymakers could use their resources for education, health and infrastructure, rather than paying their creditors," he asserts.

But there are other countries that received debt relief where both the growth and the poverty reduction experience has been more tempered.

"One example would be Senegal, where economic growth has not matched that of Ghana, Tanzania, Ethiopia or Rwanda and as a result, the poverty reduction has been somewhat anaemic," he says.

Some of that debt relief was provided by taxpayers in the rich world, but the most important part was the fact that the debt relief was accompanied by a reform programme.

"These programmes have not been dictated from outside, but came out of a political consensus within the country," Mr Devarajan says.





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